Kiwi berry – Actinidia naturally grows in the Far East, from Manchuria to Java. Kiwi berry produces tasty, edible fruits, perfect for fresh consumption, for preserves, desserts and as a dried fruit.
They are quite strongly growing climbing plants, which wrap themselves around the supports. Actinidia is relatively undemanding, easy to grow and resistant to pests and diseases. Can be planted in home gardens, as ornamental plants, as well as on fruit plantations and in urban greenery.
They are usually dioecious plants, i.e. male and female specimens (some varieties are self-pollinating), which means that if we want to get fruit, we have to plant both – male and female, close to each other.
- sunny and sheltered places
- soil should be fertile, moist, pH 5-6
- regular irrigation, especially during flowering and fruiting (water shortages may result in fruit dropping)
If we want to cultivate Actinidia as a decorative plant, we can resign of the pruning or prune only when we want to limit its growth. If we care about regular fruit harvesting, the plants should be cut strongly, bearing in mind that the fruit appears on the horizontal, 2-3-year-old shoots.
The main differences:
Actinidia arguta – Tara vine
Actinidia kolomikta – Arctic beauty kiwi
|Purpose||Fruit plantations, because of big fruits, home gardens||Mainly home gardens as an ornamental/fruit plant|
|Fruits size||2,5-5 cm length, bigger than A. kolomikta||2 cm length|
|Yield||10-20 kg of fruits from 1 plant||10 kg of fruits from 1 plant|
|Frost resistance||-23ᵒC to -35ᵒC depends on the variety||To -40ᵒC|
|Growing season||Approx. 150 frost-free days||Approx. 130 frost-free days|
|Harvest||September/October||August, falling down very quickly|
|Leaves||Green, yellow in autumn||Multi-colour: green-white-pink|