Actinidia arguta and Actinidia kolomikta – similarities and differences

Actinidia

Actinidia arguta and Actinidia kolomikta – similarities and differences

Kiwi berry – Actinidia naturally grows in the Far East, from Manchuria to Java. Kiwi berry produces tasty, edible fruits, perfect for fresh consumption, for preserves, desserts and as a dried fruit.

 

They are quite strongly growing climbing plants, which wrap themselves around the supports. Actinidia is relatively undemanding, easy to grow and resistant to pests and diseases.  Can be planted in home gardens, as ornamental plants, as well as on fruit plantations and in urban greenery.
They are usually dioecious plants, i.e. male and female specimens (some varieties are self-pollinating), which means that if we want to get fruit, we have to plant both – male and female, close to each other.

Requirements:

  • sunny and sheltered places
  • soil should be fertile, moist, pH 5-6
  • regular irrigation, especially during flowering and fruiting (water shortages may result in fruit dropping)

If we want to cultivate Actinidia as a decorative plant, we can resign of the pruning or prune only when we want to limit its growth. If we care about regular fruit harvesting, the plants should be cut strongly, bearing in mind that the fruit appears on the horizontal, 2-3-year-old shoots.

 

The main differences:

 

Actinidia arguta – Tara vine

Actinidia kolomikta – Arctic beauty kiwi

Purpose Fruit plantations, because of big fruits, home gardens Mainly home gardens as an ornamental/fruit plant
Fruits size 2,5-5 cm length,  bigger than A. kolomikta 2 cm length
Yield 10-20 kg of fruits from 1 plant 10 kg of fruits from 1 plant
Frost resistance -23ᵒC to -35ᵒC depends on the variety To -40ᵒC
Growing season Approx. 150 frost-free days Approx. 130 frost-free days
Harvest September/October August, falling down very quickly
Leaves Green, yellow in autumn Multi-colour: green-white-pink

 

Click here and download the leaflet Actinidia mini kiwi

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